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邬国锋等 Absorption and backscattering coefficients and their relations to water constituents...
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标题:Absorption and backscattering coefficients and their relations to water constituents of Poyang Lake, China

作者:Wu, GF(Wu, Guofeng);Cui, LJ(Cui, Lijuan);Duan, HT(Duan, Hongtao);Fei, T(Fei, Teng);Liu, YL(Liu, Yaolin)

来源出版物:APPLIED OPTICS 卷:50 期:34 页:6358-6368 出版年:DEC 1 2011

摘要:The measurement and analysis of inherent optical properties (IOPs) of the main water constituents are necessary for remote-sensing-based water quality estimation and other ecological studies of lakes. This study aimed to measure and analyze the absorption and backscattering coefficients of the main water constituents and, further, to analyze their relations to the water constituent concentrations in Poyang Lake, China. The concentrations and the absorption and backscattering coefficients of the main water constituents at 47 sampling sites were measured and analyzed as follows. (1) The concentrations of chlorophyll a (C(CHL)), dissolved organic carbon (C(DOC)), suspended particulate matter (C(SPM)), including suspended particulate inorganic matter (C(SPIM)) and suspended particulate organic matter (C(SPOM)), and the absorption coefficients of total particulate (a(p)), phytoplankton (a(ph)), nonpigment particulate (a(d)), and colored/chromophoric dissolved organic matter (a(g)) were measured in the laboratory. (2) The total backscattering coefficients, including the contribution of pure water at six wavelengths of 420, 442, 470, 510, 590, and 700 nm, were measured in the field with a HydroScat-6 backscattering sensor. (3) The backscattering coefficients without the contribution of pure water (b(b)) were then derived by subtracting the backscattering coefficients of pure water from the total backscattering coefficients. (4) The C(CHL), C(SPM), C(SPIM), C(SPOM), and C(DOC) of the 41 remaining water samples were statistically described and their correlations were analyzed. (5) The a(ph), a(d), a(p), a(g), and b(b) were visualized and analyzed, and their relations to C(CHL), C(SPM), C(SPIM), C(SPOM), or C(DOC) were studied. Results showed the following. (1) Poyang Lake was a suspended particulate inorganic matter dominant lake with low phytoplankton concentration. (2) One salient aph absorption peak was found at 678 nm, and it explained 72% of the variation of C(CHL). (3) The a(d) and a(p) exponentially decreased with increasing wavelength, and they explained 74% of the variation of C(SPIM) and 71% variation of C(SPM), respectively, at a wavelength of 440nm. (4) The ag also exponentially decreased with increasing wavelength, and it had no significant correlation to C(DOC) at a significance level of 0.05. (5) The bb decreased with increasing wavelength, and it had strong and positive correlations to C(SPM), C(SPIM) and C(SPOM), a strong and negative correlation to C(CHL), and no correlation to C(DOC) at a significance level of 0.05. Such results will be helpful for the understanding of the IOPs of Poyang Lake. They, however, only represented the IOPs during the sampling time period, and more measurements and analyses in different seasons need to be carried out in the future to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the IOPs of Poyang Lake. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America

文献类型:Article

语种:English

扩展关键词:INHERENT OPTICAL-PROPERTIES; DISSOLVED ORGANIC-MATTER; SCATTERING PROPERTIES; TAIHU LAKE; SPECTRAL ABSORPTION; COASTAL WATERS; NATURAL-WATERS; COLOR; SEA; PHYTOPLANKTON

通讯作者地址:Wu, GF (通讯作者),Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China

地址:

[Wu, Guofeng] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China; Wuhan Univ, Key Lab Geog Informat Syst, Minist Educ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China

[Cui, Lijuan] Chinese Acad Forestry, Inst Wetland Res, Beijing 100091, Peoples R China

[Duan, Hongtao]Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geog & Limnol, State Key Lab Lake Sci & Environm, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China

[Fei, Teng] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China; Wuhan Univ, Key Lab Geog Informat Syst, Minist Educ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China

[Liu, Yaolin] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China; Wuhan Univ, Key Lab Geog Informat Syst, Minist Educ, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China

电子邮件地址:wu@whu.edu.cn

学科类别:Optics

ISSN: 1559-128X

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