标题：Multidimensional Poverty in Rural China: Indicators, Spatiotemporal Patterns and Applications
作者： Guie Li;Zhongliang Cai;Ji Liu;Xiaojian Liu;Shiliang Su;Xinran Huang;Bozhao Li
来源出版物：SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH 卷：页码：1-36 DOI：SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH 出版年：2019
摘要： Poverty remains one of the most serious chronic dilemmas facing civilization and economic development in the 21st century. How to accurately measure, identify and alleviate poverty have been urgent topics on different geographical scales for decades. Based on census data at the county level from 2000 to 2010 in China, principal component analysis was used to establish an integrated multidimensional poverty index (IMPI) for geographical identification of poverty-stricken counties using an indicators system guided by a sustainable livelihoods framework. Further cluster analysis, spatial analysis and a self-organizing map show obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity of multidimensional poverty across the 2311 counties in China. The results demonstrate that the counties with higher IMPI are concentrated and conjointly distributed in southwest China, north of central China and southeast of northwest China in mountainous regions and plateaus. Longitudinal comparisons demonstrate that the degree of multidimensional poverty has relatively decreased across China from 2000 to 2010, but regional disparities continue to expand and new aspects are emerging. In addition, compared with 2000, the number of counties with multidimensional poverty in 2010 increased in northeast China and decreased in central China. Many counties have experienced generally increased levels in certain domains of poverty. The relative contribution of each indicator to the IMPI also provides important references for formulating and implementing poverty policy. Quantile regression was utilized to explore the application of the IMPI in assessing environmental inequality. The result indicates that many poverty-stricken and developed counties are exposed to poor air quality. The accurate identification of geographical and spatiotemporal patterns of poverty in China can lead to the implementation of anti-poverty strategies. This paper also offers new insights into poverty measurement for other developing countries.
作者关键词：Multidimensional poverty;Spatiotemporal dynamics;Quantile regression;Self-organizing map (SOM);Environmental problem
通讯作者地址：[Zhongliang Cai] School of Resource and Environmental Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan,China
[Shiliang Su] School of Resource and Environmental Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan,China
[Guie Li;Zhongliang Cai;Xiaojian Liu;Shiliang Su;Xinran Huang;Bozhao Li]School of Resource and Environmental Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan,China
[Zhongliang Cai; Shiliang Su]Key Laboratory of Geographical Information Systems, Ministry of Education,Wuhan University,Wuhan,China
[Shiliang Su]Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology,Wuhan University,Wuhan,China/
[Ji Liu]The Second Surveying and Mapping Institute of Guizhou Province,Guiyang,China.
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