标题: Impact of TiO2 and ZnO Nanoparticles on Soil Bacteria and the Enantioselective Transformation of Racemic-Metalaxyl in Agricultural Soil with Lolium perenne: A Wild Greenhouse Cultivation
作者: Zhou, Q (Zhou, Qing); Zhang, X (Zhang, Xu); Wu, Z (Wu, Zhong)
来源出版物: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY 卷: 68 期: 40 页: 11242-11252 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.0c03959 出版年: OCT 7 2020
摘要: The effects of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles on soil bacteria and enantioselective transformation of racemic-metalaxyl (rac-metalaxyl) in agricultural soil with or without Lolium perenne were investigated in an outdoor greenhouse. After a 70-day exposure to 2% ZnO, microbial biomass carbon decreased by 66% and bacterial community composition significantly changed. Meanwhile, ZnO decreased chlorophyll cumulation in L. perenne by 34%. ZnO also inhibited the enantioselective transformation of metalaxyl enantiomers and changed the enantiomer fraction of metalaxyl. TiO2 showed similar effects but to a lesser extent. L. perenne promoted the transformation of rac-metalaxyl and ingested TiO2 and ZnO. L. perenne changed the bacterial co-occurrence networks and biomarkers in native soil and soil exposed to TiO2 and ZnO. L. perenne reduced the inhibition effects of TiO2 and ZnO on the transformation of rac-metalaxyl. The decrease in the relative abundance of soil keystone taxa such as Acidobacteria and Gemmatimonas might respond to the corresponding slow transformation of rac-metalaxyl in soils exposed to TiO2 and ZnO, regardless of L. perenne. Our results demonstrated the existence of mutual interactions among the impact of engineered nanoparticles on different components (microbes, plants, and coexisting pollutants) in the terrestrial ecosystem.
作者关键词: bacterial structure; Lolium perenne; rac-metalaxyl; TiO2; ZnO
地址: [Zhou, Qing; Zhang, Xu] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resources & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
[Wu, Zhong] Hubei Jingzhou Environm Protect Sci & Technol Co, Jingzhou 434000, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Zhang, X (通讯作者)，Wuhan Univ, Sch Resources & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
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