标题：Road Centrality and Urban Landscape Patterns in Wuhan City, China
作者： Yin, CH (Yin, Chaohui); Liu, YF (Liu, Yanfang); Wei, XJ (Wei, Xiaojian); Chen, WQ (Chen, Weiqiang)
来源出版物： JOURNAL OF URBAN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT卷：144期：2文献标号:05018009 DOI：10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000441 出版年： JUN 2018
摘要：Investigating the relationship between road centrality and urban landscape patterns is important for transport planning and land management. A multiple centrality assessment (MCA) model is used to measure local and global road centrality indicators, namely, closeness, betweenness, and straightness. In this study, the node-based weight of road grade and width is used, and urban landscape patterns are described using percentage of landscape (PLAND), Shannon's diversity index (SHDI), mean patch size (MPS), and the mean shape index (MSI). Kernel density estimation (KDE) is also used to convert results to a basic raster unit, and Spearman rank correlation quantifies relationships at the landscape and class levels. Results show that (1) local and global centrality comprehensively describe the structural properties of roads in Wuhan City; (2) a relationship exists between road centrality and urban landscape (The urban landscape is more fragmented when a location has a higher centrality.); (3) a location with centrality advantage attracts more commercial and financial, residential, and transportation land use while excluding cultivated land use; (4) a location with centrality advantage results in greater fragmentation of industrial and storage, municipal, and public building land use; and (5) the shape of industrial and storage land use tends to be more regular while residential land use reflects a more irregular pattern when a location possesses a centrality advantage. Our findings suggest that road centrality is crucial in shaping urban landscapes and land-use allocations, and it helps the development and restoration of urban landscapes.
作者关键词： Road centrality; Landscape pattern; Kernel density estimation; Land use; Urban structure; Wuhan city
扩展关键词： STREET CENTRALITY; SPATIAL-PATTERN; COVER CHANGE; FRAGMENTATION; GROWTH; REGION; SCALE; NETWORKS; LOCATION; ECOLOGY
通讯作者地址： Liu, YF (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, 129 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
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地址： [Yin, Chaohui; Liu, Yanfang] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, 129 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Wei, Xiaojian] East China Univ Technol, Sch Geomat, 418 Guanglan Rd, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, Peoples R China.
[Chen, Weiqiang] Henan Agr Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Sci, 95 Wenhua Rd, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan, Peoples R China.
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