标题： Electrolytic synthesis of carbon from the captured CO2 in molten LiCl-KCl-CaCO3: Critical roles of electrode potential and temperature for hollow structure and lithium storage performance
作者： Deng, BW (Deng, Bowen); Tang, JJ (Tang, Juanjuan); Gao, MX (Gao, Muxing); Mao, XH (Mao, Xuhui); Zhu, H (Zhu, Hua); Xiao, W (Xiao, Wei); Wang, DH (Wang, Dihua)
来源出版物：ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA 卷：259 页码:975-985 DOI：10.1016/j.electacta.2017.11.025 出版年： JAN 1 2018
摘要：In the present study, CaCO3-containing molten LiCleKCl under CO2 atmosphere was investigated as the electrolyte for the preparation of electrolytic carbon. Varying the electrode potential and electrolysis temperature can manipulate the kinetics of the electro-deposition reaction of carbon, thereby allowing the formation of the carbon products with different morphologies. At 450 degrees C, high yields of micron-sized hollow carbon spheres (HCSs) and ultrathin sheets were obtained under 2.8 and 3.5 V cell voltages, respectively. At higher temperatures (550 and 650 degrees C) and cell voltages, the content of carbon sheets decreased, and various carbon materials, such as quasi-spherical particles, coral-like carbon and carbon nanofibers, could be observed. Micron-sized HCSs were only obtained with a moderate reaction rate (2.8 V and 450 degrees C), which allowed the occurrence of microbubble effect of the as-formed CO gas (one of the intermediates of electro-reduction of carbonate ions). The expansion of the CO gas shaped the plastic ultrathin carbon sheets, resulting in the formation of well-developed HCSs. Among the carbon products, the one deposited at 4.5 V and 650 degrees C exhibited the highest specific surface area of more than 400 m(2) g(-1), while the HCSs showed the best performance for lithium storage. The present study highlights the importance of manipulating electrode potential and working temperature to the preparation of value-added electrolytic carbon from the captured CO2 in molten salts.
作者关键词：Carbon; Electrolytic synthesis; Molten salts; Hollow carbon spheres; Lithium storage
扩展关键词： ELECTROCHEMICAL CONVERSION; ENERGY-STORAGE; ION BATTERIES; NANOSTRUCTURED CARBON; ALKALI CARBONATES; SALT ELECTROLYSIS; REDUCTION; NANOTUBES; DIOXIDE; GRAPHITE
通讯作者地址： Mao, XH; Wang, DH (通讯作者),Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Hubei Int Sci & Technol Cooperat Base Sustainable, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
地址：[Deng, Bowen; Tang, Juanjuan; Gao, Muxing; Mao, Xuhui; Zhu, Hua; Xiao, Wei; Wang, Dihua] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Hubei Int Sci & Technol Cooperat Base Sustainable, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.