标题：Impact of TiO2 on the chemical and biological transformation of formulated chiral-metalaxyl in agricultural soils
作者： Huang, JX (Huang, Junxing); Zhang, X (Zhang, Xu); Liang, CZ (Liang, Chuanzhou); Hu, J (Hu, Jun)
来源出版物：JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 卷：348 页码: 67-74 DOI： 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.01.035 出版年： APR 15 2018
摘要：The impacts of TiO2 on the chemical and biological transformation of racemic metalaxyl wettable powder (rac-metalaxyl WP) in agricultural soils, and soil microorganisms were investigated. Under simulated solar irradiation, TiO2 highly promoted the transformation of rac-metalaxyl WP without changing the enantiomer fraction, with the promotion amplitude (60-1280%) being dependent on TiO2 characteristics. TiO2 characteristics showed different influence on the transformation of rac-metalaxyl WP in soils and aqueous solutions because their characteristics changed differently in soils. The impact of the mancozeb and other co-constituents on the transformation of rac-metalaxyl WP was smaller in soil media than in aqueous solution. Autoclave sterilization changed soil properties and subsequently weakened the promotion effects of TiO2 on the chemical transformations of rac-metalaxyl WP to 0-233%. Microorganism biomass and bacterial community were not statistically significant changed by TiO2 exposure regardless of rac-metalaxyl WP, suggesting that the promotional effects occurred mainly through chemical processes. The results also showed TiO2 soil interactions may be strengthened with TiO2 (Degussa P25) aging time in soils, which decreased its promotion amplitude from 1060% (without aging) to 880% (aging for 20 days). Intermediate formed in soil biological transformation process was different from that in TiO2 photocatalysis process.
作者关键词：Chirality; Enantiomer fraction; Racemic metalaxyl; Soil microorganism; TiO2
扩展关键词： OLIVE-MILL WASTE; FUNGICIDE METALAXYL; ENANTIOSELECTIVE DEGRADATION; ENGINEERED NANOMATERIALS; ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR; NANOPARTICLES; BIODEGRADATION; COMMUNITY; FATE; MINERALIZATION
通讯作者地址：Zhang, X (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Sch Resources & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Huang, Junxing; Zhang, Xu; Liang, Chuanzhou] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resources & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Hu, Jun] Wuhan Univ, Coll Life Sci, State Key Lab Hybrid Rice, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
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