标题：Inequality of public health and its role in spatial accessibility to medical facilities in China
作者： Yin, CH (Yin, Chaohui); He, QS (He, Qingsong); Liu, YF (Liu, Yanfang); Chen, WQ (Chen, Weiqiang); Gao, Y (Gao, Yuan)
来源出版物：APPLIED GEOGRAPHY 卷：92 页码: 50-62 DOI： 10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.01.011 出版年： MAR 2018
摘要：Due to the close links between quality of life standards and level of regional development, it is important to gain an improved understanding of the factors that contribute to unequal spatial accessibility of medical and health services in China. This study analyzed 2859 counties using the average shortest distance traveled from settlements to medical facilities to calculate spatial accessibility. The Theil index at three levels (three partitions, eight economic zones and provinces) was used to assess the inequality between regions. Then, a method of spatial autocorrelation was used to assess the spatial agglomeration characteristics of spatial accessibility. To explore the underlying reasons for the imbalance in spatial accessibility, a total of eight indicators in three aspects (nature, society, and economy) were collected and geographically weighted regression (GWR) was employed to investigate spatial heterogeneity. We observed marked disparities in spatial accessibility to medical facilities at the national level. In particular, there appears to be improved spatial accessibility and lesser regional inequality in eastern and central regions as opposed to western Chinese regions; in coastal regions instead of inland regions; and in municipalities such as Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai, but not in other provinces and autonomous regions. Besides, significant global autocorrelation and obvious clusters were revealed in a spatial pattern analysis. A wide range of hot-spot areas (clusters of poor spatial accessibility) mainly concentrated in Tibet and other areas with complex terrain and lagging social and economic development. A number of cold-spot areas (clusters of good spatial accessibility) mostly scattered in built-up areas especially municipalities and well-developed urban agglomeration such as the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, and the Wuhan 1 + 8 city circle. Furthermore, the relationships between influencing factors and spatial accessibility were also investigated. The influence of altitude on spatial accessibility gradually decreased from the West to the East, while the influence of slope decreased from the South to the North with prominent provinces of Qinghai and Gansu. Population density exerted a higher impact on the distance in the southwest region whereas the urbanization rate influenced the northeast and southeast coastal region more intensively. In contrast, the pattern of educational level was relatively discrete. The influencing pattern of economic factors in both per area GDP and tertiary industry output share of accessibility showed apparent regional characteristics in the southeast coastal areas, as well as in the northwestern and northeastern parts. Outcomes from this study can be used to provide important information to aid policy making, while also facilitating future research aimed at improving the understanding of equality and sustainable development of medical facilities.
作者关键词：Inequality; Spatial accessibility; Medical facilities; Theil index; GWR; China
扩展关键词： CARE SERVICES; REGIONAL INEQUALITY; ACCESS; EQUITY; ENVIRONMENT; MODEL
通讯作者地址：Liu, YF (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, 129 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
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[Yin, Chaohui; He, Qingsong; Liu, Yanfang; Gao, Yuan] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, 129 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Chen, Weiqiang] Henan Agr Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Sci, Zhengzhou, Henan, Peoples R China.